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Breed Profile: Samoyed


Picture of Samoyed Dog Breed - Samoyed Photo Photo © iStockphoto.com/Kseniya Abramova




Considered among the most ancient of all dog breeds, the Samoyed was originally developed by the Samoyede tribe of Siberia. The Samoyede people bred their dogs for work and companionship, using them for sledding, herding, guarding and helping to keep their families warm. The Samoyede people were very closely bonded with their dogs and considered them members of the family.

The Samoyed arrived in Europe and North America around the turn of the 20th century. The breed is now seen all over the world. The Samoyed was officially recognized by the AKC in 1906. They have continued to work diligently for humans, but are commonly known as loyal companions.


35 to 65 pounds


Pure white, cream, biscuit, or white and biscuit

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

About the Breed:

The Samoyed is a hardy, loyal and kind-hearted dog breed that serves as a diligent worker and loving companion. A trademark of the breed is the "Sammy Smile" - the upturned corners of its black lips have the appearance of a smile.

The Samoyed's dense, double hair coat makes the breed able to withstand very low temperatures. The undercoat is soft and thick, while the top coat is straight and medium length. This dog breed will shed quite a bit - especially in warmer months. The Samoyed owner must establish a solid grooming routine - specifically a thorough brushing every day or two.

Sammies are energetic and intelligent dogs that have a strong sense of independence. Serious obedience training is an absolute essential for this breed, though it can pose a challenge to owners due to the breed's intelligence. Consistence and positive reinforcement are key. As a working breed, Sammies require plenty of exercise to keep them happy and healthy. A combination of exercise and training will help keep the Samoyed physically and mentally stimulated.

Both protective and gentle, the Samoyed is a playful family companion that can get along very well with children if properly trained and socialized. An active household and access to plenty of space is the ideal environment for this breed. Above all, the Samoyed is a devoted companion first and a working dog second. This breed thrives upon human companionship and, like its ancestors, forges a deep bond with its people.

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