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Breed Profile: Pug

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Photo of Pug Dog Breed Photo George Doyle & Ciaran Griffin / Getty Images

Group:

Toy

History:

There is much debate over the true origins of the Pug, but it is generally believed that the breed came from China. The Pug may be related to the Pekingese, though some believe the breed came from the Bulldog or Mastiff. The Pug was once the companion of Buddhist monks in Tibet.

Over time, Pugs became popular among European royalty. Napoleon's wife, Josephine had a Pug that carried secret messages to Napoleon in prison. Pugs and Pekingese were brought back to England after the British overran the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860.

The Pug was first registered with the AKC in 1885 and has continued to gain popularity.

Size:

13-20 pounds

Color:

Fawn or Black

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

About the Breed:

The Pug is a jovial dog with a round and wrinkly head, a short nose, a stout and sturdy little body and a curly tail. This adorable little dog is good-natured, energetic and playful, making it a suitable companion for all kinds of families.

The Pug has a short, soft hair coat with a tendency to shed. Basic routine grooming is generally sufficient for the breed. Extra attention should be placed upon keeping the facial folds clean to prevent infections.

As with any dog breed, the Pug should be thoroughly trained. This breed does have a great deal of energy, so proper training and routine exercise are recommended.

The Pug is a little dog with a big personality, so it is ideal for those who want a compact but active companion dog. The even-tempered demeanor of this breed makes it a good choice for families with children.


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