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Breed Profile: Pomeranian


Pomeranian Dog Breed - Photo of Pomeranian dog breed Photo © George Doyle & Ciaran Griffin / Getty Images




The Pomeranian is a descendant of the sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland and is a relative to the Spitz. The breed was developed in areas of Germany and Poland - then known as Pomerania, which is where the breed gets its name. At that time, the breed was somewhat larger than it is today.

In the late 1800s, Queen Victoria of England owned a Pomeranian, resulting in a growth in popularity of the breed. It is believed that this is when the Pomeranian started being bred down to a smaller size.

The Pomeranian gained popularity in the United States around the turn of the 20th century and remains a popular dog breed today.


3 to 7 pounds


The Pomeranian comes in many colors, though the most common are as follows:
  • Red
  • Orange
  • Cream
  • Sable
  • Black
  • Brown
  • Blue

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to develop hereditary conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

About the Breed:

The Pomeranian is a dainty little dog with a typically friendly, though sometimes bossy personality. This breed is extremely loyal to its loved ones and be quite the guard dog despite its diminutive appearance.

The Pomeranian, or "Pom," has a long, thick, double hair coat that requires somewhat frequent grooming - specifically hair brushing every few days. Some owners prefer to have their dogs receive occasional haircuts.

Because of the Pom's sometimes feisty nature, strict training is a must. These tough little dogs can try to take on an alpha role if they are not shown who is boss - a trait common amongst many Toy breeds. Poms also have a fairly high energy level, so routine exercise is highly recommended.

With proper training, the Pom can make an excellent companion, though this dog is not for everyone. Families with young children may not be ideal home for a Pom, but the breed often gets along well with older, calmer children. If a faithful, upbeat lap dog is what you are looking for, a Pom might be the right match for you!

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