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Breed Profile: Dachshund


Dachshund (smooth)

A smooth miniature Dachshund

Photo by George Doyle & Ciaran Griffin / Getty Images




The Dachshund originated in Germany as a hunting dog. Though the breed's origins can be traced as far back as the 15th century, the breed development really began in 17th century Germany. Called Dachshunds, or "badger-dogs," these short hounds did just that - hunted badgers. Further development of the breed created two sizes. The standard size continued to hunt badgers as well as wild boar, while the miniatures pursued hare and foxes.

Dachshunds were brought to the USA as early as 1885, but especially increased in popularity in the 1930s and 40s. They remain extremely popular dogs to this day.


Standard:16-32 pounds

Miniature: under 11 pounds

Coat & Color:

Coat Varieties:
  • Smooth
  • Longhaired
  • Wirehaired
Dachshunds come in a wide variety of solid colors or combination of colors including (but not limited to) the following:
  • Black
  • Tan
  • Fawn
  • Beige
  • Blue
  • Chocolate
  • Red
Various markings are as follows:
  • Dapple
  • Piebald
  • Brindle
  • Sable

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders in strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

About the Breed:

The Dachshund is an energetic, lovable breed with a big personality. Known affectionately as the Doxie, Weiner, hotdog, or sausage dog, this breed of short stature leaves a lasting impression. The Dachshund is bred as standard or miniature size, but traits of this breed are similar for both sizes.

While loved for its bold personality, the Dachshund may have a tendency to be stubborn, protective, and defensive. Proper obedience training can turn these potential problems into beneficial qualities.

Grooming needs of the Dachshund depend upon hair coat. The longhaired variety requires daily brushing, but does not typically need professional grooming. Smooth Dachshunds have a higher shedding rate. All varieties should receive regular baths and nails trims.

To avoid obesity, your Dachshund should get regular exercise. Daily walks are recommended, but proper nutrition is also key. Be sure to avoid over-feeding. Routine veterinary care also plays an important role.

The Dachshund can be a loving companion, lapdog, and even family dog. Despite its size, it can also make an excellent guard dog.

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