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Breed Profile: Collie

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Collie Dog Breed Photo © iStockphoto.com/cynoclub

Group:

Herding

History:

Like many dog breeds, the Collie's exact origin is unclear. However, it is known that the Collie was treasured for hundreds of years as a superb sheepherding dog in Scotland and northern England. In the 19th century, dog lovers began to recognize the Collie for more than just its herding skills. Queen Victoria is said to have fallen in love with the breed and played a pivotal role in the further development of the Collie.

The Collie eventually made its way to the US and was officially recognized by the AKC in 1885. It has become one of the most popular dog breeds, but is best known as the famous "Lassie".

Size:

50-75 pounds

Coats and Colors:

Coat may be rough (long and coarse) or smooth (short) in the following colors/patterns:
  • Sable & White
  • Tri-color
  • Blue Merle
  • White (with markings of one or more of the above colors)

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

About the Breed:

The Collie is graceful, agile, intelligent and loyal. Though historically known as a herding dog, the Collie makes an superb companion dog.

The gentle, friendly nature of the Collie makes it very receptive to training. This breed is intelligent, so it learns quite quickly. Collies also seem to be compliant by nature.

Routine exercise is essential for all dogs, and the Collie needs it's fair share. Though the breed is not likely to become hyperactive, exercise will help maintain the Collie's weight and improve its overall physical and mental health.

Collies are seen in two coat types. The Rough Collie has long, full, almost coarse coat that requires routine basic grooming. Thorough brushing of the hair should be done 1-2 times per week. Shedding is very light year round but increases seasonally. The Smooth Collie has short, dense coat and can do with more basic grooming, but sheds more.

Overall, the Collie is a gentle, loyal companion that is affectionate and connected with its owner. The breed is very sensitive and perceptive to its surroundings. The Collie is an ideal choice for families with children because of its gentle, guardian-like nature.


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