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Breed Profile: Bulldog (English)

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An English Bulldog

An English Bulldog

GK Hart / Vikki Hart / Getty Images

Group:

Non-sporting

History:

The English Bulldog is believed to have originated in the British Isles. Long ago, the breed was used for bull baiting and dog fighting - both extremely inhumane sports. In those days, the Bulldog was an aggressive dog and was not considered a companion animal. When dog fighting was outlawed, the Bulldog became at risk of disappearing. However, certain dog enthusiasts developed and improved the breed. Fortunately, today's English Bulldog has made a transformation from fierce to friendly. The breed increased in popularity throughout the 20th century and is now one of the most popular dogs in the U.S.

Size:

40-50 pounds

Color:

White, brindle, fawn, red, fallow or piebald.

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

About the Breed:

The English Bulldog should not be confused with the American Bulldog, though the two are related. The AKC recognizes only one Bulldog - one which has the characteristics of the English variation rather than the taller, Boxer-like appearance of the American version. Other groups, such as the CKC and UKC do recognize the American Bulldog in addition to the English.

The English Bulldog is a short and muscular breed with a giant head and short snout. This tough-looking dog is both noble and lovable. Its short coat, though prone to shedding, requires very little grooming. However, English Bulldogs may develop skin problems and will benefit from very frequent bathing.

Though the English Bulldog has a calm and friendly temperament, it can also be excitable and easily distracted. As with all dogs, obedience training is highly recommended. The breed can sometimes be considered quite the couch potato and may become overweight. Routine exercise is beneficial, but use caution: the Bulldog can easily overheat due to its short, stubby nose and potential airway problems. Because of the Bulldog's head and nose shape, it is considered a brachycephalic dog breed.

The English Bulldog makes a wonderful companion for all kinds of families. This is a loyal and loving breed that requires a dedicated, attentive owner.


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