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Breed Profile: Cardigan Welsh Corgi

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Herding

History:

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a very old breed that originated in Cardiganshire, Wales with the Celts around 1200 BC. Though the breed bears resemblance to the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, the two are separate breeds with different origins. The Cardigan is the older of the two breeds.

Originally, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi was a valued family dog with several attributes. This breed was a companion, a guard dog, a general farm worker, and driver of cattle. While today's Cardigan is primarily seen as a companion dog, the breed still excels as a worker and herder.

Cardigans and Pembrokes were cross-bred at some point, most likely during the early to middle part of the 19th century. Originally, in England, the two were officially considered one breed with two types. However, in 1934, the two were officially recognized by the English Kennel Club as separate breeds. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi first came to the Unites States in 1931 and was officially recognized by the American Kennel club in 1935.

Size:

Weight: 25 to 38 pounds
Height: 10.5 to 12.5 inches at the shoulder

Colors:

Red, sable or brindle
Black or blue merle (both seen with or without tan or brindle points)
All colors are typically seen with white flashings

Health Problems:

Responsible breeders strive to maintain the highest breed standards as established by kennel clubs like the AKC. Dogs bred by these standards are less likely to inherit health conditions. However, some hereditary health problems can occur in the breed. The following are some conditions to be aware of:

About the Breed:

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small to medium-sized herding dog of short stature and sturdy build. It is similar in many ways to its cousin, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. However, the two are completely separate breeds. The Cardigan is slightly larger in build, has a long tail, and has wider ears that are more rounded at the tips. In addition, the Cardigan is the older of the two breeds. The breed is very intelligent, active and loyal.

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a medium-length topcoat with a short undercoat. The breed tends to shed a somewhat significant amount twice per year, but does not shed a lot on a regular basis. Routine grooming is essential, but mainly involves hair brushing once or twice a week.

Intelligent and hard working, the Cardigan excels at herding and most dog sports. This breed requires plenty of exercise on a regular basis. Because the Cardigan craves activities and challenges, training is an absolutely essential. Start with the basics, then consider training the dog to do a job, such as a watch dog or herder. Too much unreleased energy and a lack of training can lead to excessive barking and other behavior problems.

Cardigan Welsh Corgis can be excellent companions for the right household. They are extremely loyal to their families, but some can be aloof towards strangers. Their herding instincts may cause them to nip at ankles, making them less ideal for small children. However, proper training and socialization of the dog combined with education about dogs for the kids can make all the difference. Generally, the Cardigan is even-tempered and devoted to its people, making the breed a worthy companion for many.

If you are looking for a short-legged, loyal and affectionate dog and you are willing to train and provide exercise, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi could be for you. As with any breed, if you think the Cardigan is right for you, be sure to do plenty of research before obtaining one. Talk to other Cardigan Welsh Corgi owners, reputable breeders and rescue groups to learn more.

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